This authorized glossary is a basic information to frequent legal phrases. A replica of a document or testimony by a witness would be “secondary evidence.” The perfect proof rule prohibits the introduction of secondary proof unless best evidence cannot be obtained, so long as the get together seeking to introduce the secondary proof isn’t at fault in making the very best proof incapable of being obtained.
Deposition The taking and recording of the testimony of a party or witness underneath oath earlier than a court docket reporter, in a place away from the courtroom, earlier than trial. A 1891 English courtroom choice summarized estoppel as “a rule of proof which precludes an individual from denying the reality of some statement beforehand made by himself”.
In jury trials this is known as the closing address to the jury, or just “the closing.” The time period additionally refers to submissions by counsel on legal points that come up in relation to any matter earlier than the courts. The parties can ask for a divorce order by filing a Requisition with other paperwork and they don’t have to appear earlier than a choose within the Supreme Court.
Typically, a court action introduced by one particular person, the plaintiff , against one other, the defendant , seeking compensation for some harm or enforcement of a proper. Nolo’s Plain-English Regulation DictionaryÂ contains three,800Â plain-English authorized definitions, including many newly coined terms you will find online and off, comparable to “typosquatting” and “patent troll”.
Regulation college students, journalists, legal professionals, and anybody fascinated by realizing the precise meaning of authorized phrases find this a must have. The office, duty or authority of a guardian who is an individual who’s legally entrusted to manage someone else’s affairs, particularly those of a minor.